The Process of Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment is done to save the tooth rather than having it pulled out. It is an effective procedure in removing tooth decay and clearing infection.

A root canal treatment is a dental procedure designed to repair a badly infected or decayed tooth while the term “root canal” refers to the center cavity of the tooth. A tooth needs a root canal treatment when the person suffers severe toothache, chronic sensitivity to heat and cold, darkening of the tooth, swelling of the gums and persistent pimple of the gums.

The Process of Root Canal Treatment

root canal treatment processPrior to root canal treatment, the dentist may take a panoramic X-ray or simple X-ray of the affected tooth to assess the extent of tooth decay. Administration of anesthesia is not compulsory to all cases. For instance, if the tooth is insensitive or the nerve has died, local anesthesia is no longer necessary. Root canal treatment primarily targets the pulp, the soft tissue of the tooth. When the pulp is removed, the root canals are broadened by inserting metal files. Doing this may help widen the root canals making them be easily filled. Because of narrow passageways, widening the root canals may take for hours and often carried out over a number of appointments. When the procedure is not completed on the same day, a small cotton dubbed with medication is placed over the canal.

Note: The more number of roots the tooth has, the longer the treatment is. Incisors and canine teeth have single root; premolars and molars have two to three roots.

When toot canals are completely cleaned and widened, permanent filling is inserted. Mild pain following the procedure is normal, and it is expected to go away for no more than one week. When tooth is infected, the dentist may prescribe antibiotics to treat the problem. However, if infection recurs following the root canal treatment, the procedure is repeated.

root canal treatment process graphicNote: Tooth treated with root canal treatment is more fragile than an unrestored tooth. It also likely to discolor, thus dentists advise to place a crown on the treated tooth to protect the tooth or use chemicals to whiten the tooth (teeth whitening) in the case of discoloration.

Why Tooth Abscess Needs to be Treated?

Abscess in the tooth can be a result of trauma or when the nerve dies off. Abscess is inviting to bacteria making the tooth their source of nourishment. The only way to manage tooth abscess is to get rid of it through root canal treatment. In this procedure, the nerve is pulled out and the pulp region is removed. There is nothing wrong when pulp is removed. The tooth in this case is not dead and will continue to be nourished by the surrounding tissues of the tooth. Pulp needs to be removed. Otherwise, it will continue to affect the whole pulp chamber causing infection or abscess tooth. Untreated root infection results in swelling of the face or bone loss.

Why Do Root Canal Treatment?

People resort to root canal treatment over extraction the fact that natural tooth still functions better than an artificial tooth. Without a doubt, natural teeth have stronger biting and chewing capacity than artificial ones. In addition, natural teeth are easier to maintain and no extra cleaning measures are required. Root canal treatment has 90% successful rate with 8 to 10 surviving years.

As suggested by the doctors, placing a crown is more than having a cosmetic appearance. A crown adds bulk to the treated tooth, thus restoring normal bite and strengthening the tooth. It is said that the crown is the most important element in the tooth’s survival following root canal treatment.